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Chicago style guide: Short form

Chicago Style Guide

Creating a note using shortened form

When creating your notes, you should provide a complete citation the first time you use a source, and use a shortened form for subsequent notes. This only applies to footnotes or endnotes - in the bibliography you will create one citation for each source you used.
Use of ibid.
Ibid. is an abbreviation for ibidem,  meaning "in the same place." The current (17th) edition of the Chicago manual discourages the use of Ibid. and instead recommends use of shortened form for all repeat citations.
Shortened form for a book
First citation

1. Doug Fine, Farewell My Suburu: an Epic Adventure in Social Living (New York: Villard, 2008), 45.

Next note, same source, same page 2. Fine, Farewell My Suburu.
Shortened form for a website
First citation

1. "Barack Obama on Budget & Economy," September 4, 2011, On the Issues,

Shortened form 4. "Barack Obama on Budget & Economy."
Shortened form for a journal
First citation

1. Robin Downey and Rose Geransar, "Stem Cell Research, Publics' and Stakeholder Views," Health Law Review 16, no. 2 (Spring 2008): 72.

Shortened form 2. Downey and Geransar, "Stem Cell Research, Publics' and Stakeholder Views."

More citation help

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